An individual can obtain Brazilian citizenship on the following grounds:
Any person born in Brazil automatically receive the citizenship irrespective of the legal status of parents. The only exceptions are when the parents serve another state (diplomats, consuls, etc.)
A child born to a Brazil national who is in a civil service or government service outside the country;
A child born to a Brazil national and whose birth was registered at the Brazilian consulate;
A child born to a Brazil national who has returned to the country with the intention to live there on a permanent basis (should be proved in federal court).
Aliens have the right for Brazilian citizenship in case they:
Legally reside in the country on the grounds of permanent residency;
Legally reside in the country for the minimum period of 4 years (with short periods of leave);
Fluent in Portuguese;
Have sufficient funds for living in Brazil.
The period of 4-year legal residency in Brazil is shortened under the following conditions:
Marriage with Brazilian national;
Alien’s child is a Brazilian national;
Alien’s father or mother is a Brazilian national;
Alien’s home country official language is Portuguese;
Alien with an accomplished professional, creative and scientific activities is entitled to submit documents for citizenship acquiring after 2 years of legal residency in the country;
Alien with a sufficient financial savings is entitled to submit documents for citizenship acquiring after 3 years of legal residency in the country;
The main list of documents for citizenship acquiring in Brazil:
International passport (old and expired passports will be required as well);
Birth certificate of foreign national and his children (if any);
Marital status document (marriage certificate or divorce certificate);
Four color photos;
Police clearance certificate within the last 10 years;
Proof of available dwelling in Brazil (purchased or leased);
Document on financial eligibility of the applicant and document confirming the foreign national did not apply to the state for social assistance;
Certificate of paid taxes;
State fees payment receipts;
A clean bill of health confirming the absence of chronic and infectious diseases, as well as diseases dangerous to others (medical examination is carried out in Brazil at any clinic);
Successfully pass the test on language proficiency and county’s culture, history and legislation.
In order to obtain citizenship a foreign national must request the National Immigration Council of the country. On average, each request is considered for 6 months. The decision to grant citizenship to a foreign national is considered by the Brazilian Department of Citizenship and Naturalization of the Ministry of Justice of Brazil.
Citizenship granting is conducted in the form of ceremony where a foreign national must take an oath of loyalty. Only after that he is officially recognized as Brazilian citizen.
Brazil recognizes dual citizenship since 1994. However, it is required to present a Brazilian passport on entry to the country.
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