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Residence permit in Spain

Advantages of residence permit in Spain:

  • Reside in the country for an unlimited period without the need to leave its territory every 90 days;
  • Open an account in any Spanish bank;
  • Take loans from Spanish banks;
  • Visa-free travel to the Schengen countries;
  • The right to obtain a residence permit for all family members.

Residence permit (status of resident) can be acquired as follows:

  • Residence permit by Family reunification;
  • Residence permit by higher education in Spain;
  • Residence permit by rooting (Arraigo);
  • Residence permit without the right to work;
  • Residence permit with the right to work under the contract;
  • Residence permit with the right to work without a contract;
  • Residence permit by investments (golden visa).

Family reunification

Spouse and family members of an alien are eligible to acquire residence permit with the right to work in Spain.  The only requirement is the lack of criminal record and dangerous diseases.

Higher education

Estancia por estudios is a student visa for aliens who wish to study in Spain.  Visa is issued for 1 year with the possibility of further extension without leaving the country.  Foreign national can also exchange the driver license for Spanish without the necessity for obtaining a new one.

Required documents for admission to the university:

  • Application for student visa;
  • Document confirming previous education (diploma/secondary school certificate);
  • Language proficiency test (DELE B1 is required for bachelor’s degree; DELE B1-С1/ IELTS 6.0 is required for master’s degree);
  • Invitation from higher educational institution;
  • Health insurance;
  • Police clearance certificate;
  • Evidence of availability of the funds sufficient for education and living in the country (not less than € 7000-10000 per year);
  • Proof of available dwelling in Spain (purchased or leased).

Students of Spanish universities are eligible to part-time work or business operating if it doesn’t interfere with their education.

Residence permit by rooting - Residencia por arraigo

It implies status of resident upon 3 years of ILLEGAL residence in the country.

There are three types of arragio: social, familiar and laboral.  In any case a registration at the place of residence in Spain is required.

Social type of arragio implies that foreign national lives in the country for 3 years and has fully integrated into society. Alien is required to confirm that he has a work contract.

Laboral type of arragio implies that foreign national lives in the country for 2 years with continuous employment for the last six months.

Familiar type of arragio implies that foreign national is a father/mother of Spanish child or one of alien’s parents is Spanish national. 

Residence permit without the right to work - Residencia temporal no lucrativa.

It is one of the easiest and most popular ways to obtain residence permit in Spain.

For this type of residence permit it is required to confirm that an income provided by alien is not less than the established minimum standard of living in Spain and that he does not claim to job positions. It will be an excellent choice for those who are engaged in journalism, have a high income in the IT-sphere, as well as for freelancers and landlords.

 An income must be legal, stable and documented.

Approval for obtaining a residence permit is based on the fact that the annual income for an adult foreigner is 400% of the IPREM and 100% for dependent children.

Residence permit with the right to work under the contract

Aliens wishing to work in Spain are obliged to sign an employment contract with employer.

Main requirements:

  • Employer has to prove that Spanish nationals don’t claim to job position and that an alien is highly qualified specialist with occupation in-demand.
  • Employer has to prove that this job position implies a stable income for the minimum period of 1 year.
  • Employee has to confirm that he is a highly qualified professional with vast experience in the field.

Residence permit with the right to work without a contract

This type of immigration is suitable for foreign nationals who wish to start their business in Spain.

Main requirements:

  • Provide a detailed business plan, as well as all necessary permits for operating a business;
  • Provide the evidence of funds availability for starting a business and their legal origin;
  • Evidence of funds, sufficient for living in the territory of Spain.

Additionally, there is always a possibility to buy existing business with established clients, brand, suppliers, etc. Such type of deal is called «Traspaso» in Spain.

Residence permit by investments (golden visa).

Law of January 1, 2014, allows aliens to obtain status of resident on the grounds of large investments in the economy of the state.

One of the main benefits of golden visa is the necessity to visit the country only once a year.

One of the following conditions are required to be fulfilled for golden visa:

  • Real estate investments for a minimum amount of €500000;
  • Equity investments or investments in the form of deposits for a minimum amount of 1 million euros.
  • Government securities investments for a minimum amount of 2 million euros.

It is worth remembering that investments from offshore accounts are not encouraged by the Spanish government.

Each type of the above-mentioned residence permit implies its renewal, subject to all necessary rules for living in Spain are met, and also provides an opportunity to apply for a permanent residence after 5 years and for citizenship after 10 years of residence.

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